Policy-Managed Oracle RAC One Node Databases

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Oracle RAC One Node, introduced in Oracle Database 11g Release 2 (11.2.0.2), is a single instance of an Oracle RAC-enabled database running on one node in a cluster. It lets you consolidate multiple databases onto a single cluster while providing high availability benefits of failover protection to the single instance databases. Oracle RAC One Node databases can be configured to… … Read more
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Duplicate Point-In-Time Recovered PDB Using Backup

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At times, we might need to duplicate a production pluggable database to a Past Point in Time without disturbing the production database itself, in order to: View the data in the Production Database (PDB) as it appeared then Perform testing Generate reports, etc. Duplication of a PDB slightly differs from that of a non-CDB. In order to duplicate the PDB, an… Continue Reading →Read more
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Re-registering Databases In A Cluster With srvctl: Problems and Solutions

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Recently I wanted to create a policy managed database in my 12.1.0.2 flex cluster setup, but free servers are not available. Hence I had to unregister an administrator managed RAC database (amdbh12) to make the servers available. Having completed my testing, I dropped the policy managed database and then wanted to drop the database amdbh12 using DBCA… Read more
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Migrate Oracle Database To ASM Using ASMCMD

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Introduction Oracle Database 10g Release 1 introduced Automatic Storage Management (ASM), a new framework for managing Oracle database files. ASM provides a foundation for highly efficient storage management with direct I/O, redundancy, striping and load balancing. Files stored on ASM are evenly distributed across disks in a disk group and mirrored according to the policies defined in the disk group…. Continue Reading →Read more
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Oracle Database 12.1.0.2c: Hot Cloning Of Pluggable Databases

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Cloning of a Pluggable Database (PDB) in Oracle Multitenant is a great feature and is very useful. Oracle Database 12c Release 1 has introduced various enhancements to the cloning of Pluggable Databases to overcome the limitations imposed by the initial release of Oracle Database 12c (12.1.0.1). In Oracle 12.1.0.2c: PDBs can be hot cloned, i.e. you don’t need to put the source PDB… Continue Reading →Read more
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Oracle Database 12.1.0.2c : Hot Cloning of Non-Container Databases

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In the initial release of Oracle 12c (12.1.0.1c), a non-Container Database (non-CDB) could be converted to a pluggable database (PDB) using any of the following methods: Using DBMS_PDB Using datapump (expdb, impdp) Using GoldenGate replication The 12.1.0.2 patchset has introduced the ability to clone a remote non-CDB as a PDB directly over the network. Remote Cloning of a Non-CDB is a… Continue Reading →Read more
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Incomplete / Complete recovery using RMAN cold backup

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Offline backups (also known as Cold or consistent backups) are taken when the database is in a consistent state, i.e. the database has been shut down with the SHUTDOWN NORMAL, SHUTDOWN IMMEDIATE, or SHUTDOWN TRANSACTIONAL commands. As part of a consistent shutdown, redo has been applied to the data files and the System Change number (SCN) in the data file… Continue Reading →Read more
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Defragmentation Can Degrade Query Performance

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As data in tables is updated and / or deleted, pockets of empty space can be created, leading to fragmented free space. This free space is wasted space as it is insufficient to hold new data. Moreover, it can impact performance of the database as a higher number of sparsely-populated blocks need to be visited. Oracle 11g introduced online segment… Continue Reading →Read more
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Oracle Flex Cluster: Leaf Node Failover

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Oracle 12c has introduced Flex Clusters which use hub-and-spoke technology, allowing the cluster to scale much beyond the pre-12c clusters as it requires fewer network interactions between nodes in the cluster, and Less contention for key Clusterware resources like OCR and voting disks. A Flex Cluster has two types of nodes: Hub Nodes and Leaf Nodes. Hub Nodes These… … Read more
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Automatic Big Table Caching in RAC

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In an earlier article, I discussed Automatic big table cache (ABTC) which is a new feature introduced in Oracle Database 12.1.0.2c. Automatic big table cache is an optional section of the buffer cache reserved for storing large objects. It tracks only big tables and automatically caches scanned big objects in big table cache thereby avoiding direct path reads. It caches… Continue Reading →Read more
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Oracle Database 12.1.0.2c: Automatic Big Table Cache

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Serial direct path reads were first introduced in Oracle 11g to prevent wiping out a large number of buffers from the buffer cache by a serial large table scan. As a result, big tables accessed via serial Full Table Scans bypass the Buffer Cache and read data from the Data Files into the users’ Program Global Area (PGA). This prevents flooding… Continue Reading →Read more
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Split Brain: What’s new in Oracle Database 12.1.0.2c?

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In an Oracle cluster prior to version 12.1.0.2c, when a split brain problem occurs, the node with lowest node number survives. However, starting from Oracle Database 12.1.0.2c, the node with higher weight will survive during split brain resolution. In this article I will explore this new feature for one of the possible factors contributing to the node weight, i.e. the… Continue Reading →Read more
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Oracle Data Pump in RAC

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Oracle Data Pump was introduced in Oracle Database 10g to enable very high-speed transfer of data and metadata between databases. A salient feature of Data Pump is that it can parallelize the export and import jobs for maximum performance. However, prior to Oracle Database 11g release 2 (11.2), if a Data Pump job is executed in parallel on an instance… Continue Reading →Read more
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TSPITR Using ACFS Snapshots

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Starting with Oracle Grid Infrastructure 12c (12.1), Oracle Cloud File system (ASM Cluster File System in cluster environment) supports database files (database version 11.2.0.4 and up) in addition to general-purpose files so that entire Oracle databases can be stored inside Oracle Cloud FS. In my earlier articles I demonstrated that: For a database having its files stored on Oracle Cloud… Continue Reading →Read more
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Integrating ACFS Snapshots With RMAN

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In my last article, I demonstrated that starting with Oracle Grid Infrastructure 12c (12.1), Oracle Cloud File system (ASM Cluster File System in cluster environment) supports database files (database version 11.2.0.4 and up) in addition to general purpose files, so that entire Oracle databases can be stored inside Oracle Cloud FS. In addition, for a database with its files stored… Continue Reading →Read more
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12c: Database Backups Using ACFS Snapshots

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Starting with Oracle Grid Infrastructure 12c (12.1), Oracle Cloud File system (ASM Cluster File System in cluster environment ) supports database files (database version 11.2.0.4 and up) in addition to general purpose files so that entire Oracle databases can be stored inside Oracle Cloud FS and can leverage the Advanced Data Services such as snapshots, tagging and auditing although replication and… Continue Reading →Read more
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Oracle Automatic Storage Management Filter Driver (Oracle ASMFD)

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Prior to Oracle Grid Infrastructure (GI) release 12.1.0.2, ASM Library (ASMLIB) was the only method to access storage devices by means of ASM Disks and Diskgroups. There were serious limitations to this method. The ASM disks were owned by GI home owner and both the owner and any users belonging to an operating system group designated as the OSASM group… Continue Reading →Read more
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Oracle Multitenant: Convert single instance PDB to RAC by plugging it into a RAC CDB

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Prior to oracle database 12c, the procedures for converting from single-instance databases to Real Application Clusters involved following steps: Configure the control file attributes and move control file to shared storage Make the initialization parameter file entries for cluster-enabled environments and move SPfile to shared storage Create an undo tablespace for each additional instance Create redo threads for each additional… Continue Reading →Read more
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